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Saturday, December 17, 2016

Reading Strategies You Must Employ

Written by: Darlington Ugochukwu

These reading strategies are employed to enhance reading proficiency and remembrance skills.
In this article, two reading strategic-methods will be discussed and it would be of great importance to all true lovers and seekers of knowledge.

A. The SQ3R Method

The acronym here stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recite and Review. This method will both help the student to comprehend the information as well as to improve recollection of it.

Survey: Before you start reading, it is important to have an overview of the material before you start off. This can be achieved by scanning or skimming the entire material i.e., giving attention to and thinking on the topic and subtopics. 
The summary questions as well as the introductory and concluding paragraph should also be given attention. This helps you to fix in mind all that can be gained from the material.

Question: Ask questions as to what you hope to gain from the material. Question the headings, subheadings and titles. These should be questions you hope to answer after covering the material.

Read: Now do the actual reading. Read everything, paying extra attention to underlined, italicized and bolded words.

Recite: After completing the passage, recite what you have learned to yourself. This can be done by repeating the earlier questions and trying to answer them. Also, write down what you have learned as a summary of the passage. If there are questions you find hard to answer, try rereading the passage.

Review: This is to ensure that you actually understood what you read from the material. God through the subheadings, the questions and your summary again. This enhances retention of acquired information.

B. The KWL method

The acronyms here stands for Known, want and Learned. This represents the main stages of acquiring knowledge.
  • What you actually know about the topic before reading.
  • What you want to know about the topic after reading.
  • What you actually learned from the topic after reading.

This strategy can be useful to an individual, a class or a study group.

Known: Write down what you know about the topic in this column. This includes keywords and phrases in the topic.

Want: Put down what you expect to learn from the topic in this column. Everything in this column should be written as questions. This includes what you want to learn about those things you penned down in the known column.

Learned: After reading, write down the things you learned. Check to ensure that all the questions in the want section has been cleared in the learned section. If not, read material once again.

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